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1. The Supreme personality of Godhead said, Again I shall declare to you this supreme wisdom, the best of all knowledge, knowing which all the sages have attained" the supreme perfection.

2. By Attain peace Born at the becoming fixed in this knowledge, one can like my own. Thus established one, is not time creation or disturbed at the time of dissolution.

3. The total material substance called Brahman is the source of birth and it is that Brahman which is created by Me. I impregnate making possible the births of
all living beings O son of Bharata.

The material nature is not the cause of the birth of the living entities. The seed is given by God. Every living entity, according to his past activities has a different body created by the material nature so that the entity can suffer or enjoy according to his past deeds.

4. It should be understood that species of life, O son of Kunti are made possible by birth in this material nature and that I am the seed giving father.

5. The material nature consists of three modes goodness, passion and ignorance. When the eternal living entity comes in contact with nature o mighty armed Arjuna he becomes conditioned by these modes.

The living entities have different kinds of bodies in terms of different aspects of nature. The living entities are created by God according to good or bad deeds of these Antities. The bodies when come in contact with three modes of nature satwak, Rajshw and Tamsik (Goodness, passion and ignorance) they behave accordingly. This is the cause of happiness and distress.

6. O sinless Arjuna, one, the mode of goodness, Being purer than the others is illuminating and it frees One from all sinful reactions. Those situated in that mode become conditioned or attain a sense of happiness and knowledge.

When one is situated in mode of Goodness i.e. Satwak he becomes purer and he attains happiness and knowledge.

7. The mode of passion is born of unlimited desires and longing, O son of Kunti and because of this the embodied living entity is bound to material fruitive actions.

Mode of passion is attration between man and women. When mode of passion is increased, it increases desires and he wants more honour in a society. It gives birth to fruitive activity. He wants result of his actions and prayers etc.

8. O son of Bharata, know that the bode of darkness (ignorance) (Tamas) is born of ignorance and is the delusion of all embodied living entities. The results of this mode are madness, indolence and sleep which bind the conditioned soul.

A living entity embodied in the mode of ignorance is that he sleeps more than is required. Such a man appears to be always dejected and is addicted to intoxicants and sleeping.

9. O son of Bharatas in the mode of goodness one gets happiness. Mode of passion creates fruitive activity i.e. fruitive action and ignorance covers one's knowledge and binds one to madness.

A person in the mode of goodness is satisfied by his work and feels himself happy. A man in the mode of passion may be engaged in fruitive activity, he owns as much as he can the spends for good causes. Some times he gives charity.

The mode of ignorance covers knowledge. In the mode of ignorance, whatever one does is good neither for him nor for anyone.

10. Sometime the mode of goodness becomes prominent defeating the modes of passion and ignorance. O son of Bharata. Some time the mode of passion defeats goodness and ignorance and at other times ignorance defeats goodness and passion. In this way there is always competition for supermacy.

11. The manifestations of the mode of goodness can be experienced when all the gates of body are illuminated by knowledge.

In the mode of goodness one can see things in the right position. One becomes cleanised inside and outside. In every gate there is development of the symptoms of happiness and that is the position of goodness.

12. O Chief of the Bharatas when there is an increase in the mode of passion, greed, great attachment, fruitive activity undertaking of actions with a selfish motive restlessness and a thirst for enjoyment increases.

One in the mode of passion is never satisfied with the position he has already acquired, he hankers to increase his position.

13. When there is increase in the mode of ignorance O Arjuna, darkness, madness inactivity, carelessness and illusion, all these appear in the mind and senses.

14. When one dies in the mode of goodness he attains to the pure higher planets of great sages.

The mode of goodness is the purest in the material world. One who dies in this mode attains Brahma like or Janoloka and enjoyes godly happiness.

15. When one dies in the mode of passion he takes birth among those engaged in fruitive activities and when one dies in the mode of ignorance, he takes birth in the animal kingdom.

Some people have the impression that when the soul reaches the platform of human life it never goes down again. This is incorrect if one dies in the mode of ignorance he is degraded to an animal form of life.

16. The result of pious action is pure and is said to be in the mode of goodness. But action done in the mode of passion results in misery and action performed in the mode of ignorance results in foolishness.

17. From the mode of goodness real knowledge develops and from the mode of passion greed develops and from the mode of ignorance develops foolishness, madness and illusion (Maya).

18. Those situated in the mode of goodness gradually go upward to the higher planets, those in the mode of passion live on the earthly planets. Those in the mode of ignorance go down to the hellish worlds.

19. When one properly sees that in all activities no other performer is at work than these modes of nature and he knows the supreme Lord who is present in all these modes, he attains my special spiritual nature.

By the instructions of bonafide master a living entity can know his spiritual position, his material body, his senses.

A living entity is not the performer of different activities. He is forced to act because he is situated in a particular body conducted by some particular mode of material nature. Unless the one has the help of spiritual authority, he cannot understand in what position, he is actually situated. With the help of his master, he can understand his real position and by such understanding he can become fixed in Krishana consciousness A man in Krishana consciousness is not controlled by the mode of nature. Because it is already explained in the seventh chapter that one who has surrendered to Krishana is relieved from the activities of material nature. For one who is able to see things as they are, the influence of material nature gradually cease.

20. When the embodied being is able to transcend these three modes associated with material body, he can become free from birth, death, old age and their distress and can enjoy nectar even in this life.

21. Arjuna inquired o my dear Lord, which are the marks of him who has risen above the three modes of nature and what is his conduct. How does he rise above the three modes of nature.

22-25. The supreme personality of God head said: o son of Pandu, he who does not hate illumination attachment and delusion when they are present or long for them when they disappear, who is unwavering and undisturbed through All these reactions of the material qualities, remaining neutral and transcendental, knowing that the modes alone Are active, who is situated in the self and regards alike happiness and distress - who looks upon a lump of earth, a stone and a piece of Gold with an equal eye, who is equal towards the desireable and the underireable who is steady, situated equally well in praise and blame, honour and dishonour, who treats alike both friend and enemy and who has renounced all material activities - such a person is said to have transcended the modes of nature.

When the living entity stays in this material remains under the control of one of the three nature. When he is actually out of the body, then he is out of the clutches of the material modes of nature. But so long he is not out of the material body, he should be neutral. He should engage himself in the devotional service of the Lord to save himself from sense gratification. In devotional service the self is aloof from material activities. How does he become aloof? –He does not desire to enjoy the body, nor does he desire to get out of it.

A materially situated person is affected by so called honour and dishonour offered to the body, but the transcended person is not affected by such false honour and dishonour. He performs his duty in Krishana consciousness otherwise he has no necessity of anything material either a stone or gold. He takes everyone as his dear friend and he does not hate his enemy.

26. One who engages in full devotional service, unfailing in all circumstances, at once transcends the modes of material nature and thus comes to the level of Brahman.

One who surrenders unto Krishana at once surmounts the influence'of the modes of nature. Krishana says that his nature is eternal, blissful and full of knowledge and living bodies are part and parcel of the supreme.

27. And I am the basis of the impersonal Brahman, which is immortal, umperishable and eternal and is the constitutional position of ultimate happiness.

The Constitution of Brahman is immorality, imperishable, eternal and happiness.

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