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BHAGAVAD GITA PART- 16

1 to 3. The supreme personality of God head said, Fearlessness, purification of ones ‘existence, cultivation of spiritual knowledge, charity, self control, performance of sacrifice, study of vedas, austerity, simplicity, non-violence, truthfulness, freedom from anger renunciation, tranquilty, aversion of fault finding, compassion for all living beings freedom from courteousness, gentleness , modesty study determination, vigor, forgiveness, fortitude, cleanliness and freedom from envy and the freedom from passion for honour- These transcendental qualities- O Son of Bharata belong to godly men endowed with divine nature.

16Those who are situated in the transcendental nature make progress on the path of liberation. For those who are acting in the modes of passion and ignorance, there is no possibility of liberation. In this chapter the Lord explains the qualities of devas or godly and ungodly persons.

4. Pride ,arrogance, conceit, anger, harshness and ignorance- These qualities belong to those of demoniac nature-O Son of Prtha.

5. The transcendental qualities are conducive to liberatioin, whereas ungodly qualities as described in Para 4 make for bondage, Do not worry- 0 Son of Pandu for you are born with the divine qualities.

6. O Son of Prtha, in this world there are two kinds of created beings one is called divine and other is called demoniac I have already explained to you at length the divine qualities. Now hear from Me the qualities of the demoniac.

7. Those who are demoniac do not know what is to be done, what is not to be done. Neither cleaniness nor proper behaviour nor truth is found in them.

8. They say that this world is unreal with no foundation no God in control. They say it is produced by sex desire and has no cause other than lust. According to such people there is no cause or effect, no controller, no purpose everything is unreal. They do not think that the world was created by God for a certain purpose. They say world has been created by sex. A child is the result of sexual intercourse between man and woman, this world is born without soul.

9. Following such conclusions, the demoniac who are lost to themselves and who have no intelligence, engage in unbeneficial horrible works meant to destroy the world.

10. Taking shelter of lust and absorbed in pride and false prestige, the demoniac always perform unclean works ,which are not permanent.

The demoniac are engaged in the activities that will lead the world to destruction. They are intelligent and devoid of all senses. They behave like animals. They have no idea how to behave with another person Animal¬ killing is very much prominent amongst demoniac persons.

11-12. They believe that to gratify the senses is the prime necessity of human civilization. Thus until the end of life their anxiety is immeasurable. Bound by a net work of hundreds of thousands of desires and absorbed in lust and anger, they secure money by illegal means for sense gratification.

13-15. The demoniac person thinks, so much wealth do I have today and I will gain more according to my schemes. So much is mine now and it will increase in the future more and more. He is my enemy and I have killed him and my other enemies will also be killed. I am the Lord of everything. I am the enjoyer, I am perfect, powerful and happy. . I am the richest man. My relatives are aristocrate. There is none so powerful and happy as I am. I shall perform sacrifices. I shall give some charity and thus I shall rejoice. In this way, such persons are deluded by ignorance.

16. Thus perplexed by various anxieties and bound by a network of illusions, they become too strongly attached to sense enjoyment and fall down into hell.

The demoniac man knows no limit to acquire money. He thinks in the strength of his work. He thinks that he has earned wealth due to his own work. He feels pleasure in killing his enemies. He gives some charity for his sense gratification. He is covered with Maya. cannot understand himself. He remains perplexed various anxieties and remains bounded in the network. He by of illusions. He remains busy in sense gratification. He remain attached to sense enjoyment. Atlast he goes to hell.

17. Self important, unbending deluded by wealth and false prestige. They some times prouply perform sacrifices in name only without following any rules and regulations.

18. Be -wildered by false ego, strength pride, lust and anger, the demoniac hate the supreme personality of Godhead, who dwell in the bodies of others as well as in the bodies of demoniac.

Due to false ego, violence, He thinks himself independent and powerful in every action. He thinks that since no one can equal him in strengths power and wealth, he can act in any manner he likes. He hates Me. But he does not know that I dwell in his body as I dwell in the bodies of others. I am the supreme personality.

19. Those who are haters evils, cruel and mischievous, who are the lowest among men, I repeatedly throw them into demoniac wombs in this world.

In this verse it is clearly indicated that placing a particular soul in a particular body -is done by God himself God says such persons who are hatered, evil and cruel and mischievous take birth in the houses of demonic. Thus they continue in the homes of demons.
20. Attaining repeated birth amongst the species of demoniac life, O Son of Kunti, such persons can never approach Me. Gradually they sink down into still lower depths.

It is known that God is all merciful, but he is never merciful to demoniac. It is very clear that demoniac are put into the wombs of similar demons, they go down and down, so that at last they achieve the bodies like those of cats, dogs and hogs.

21. There are three gates to hell-lust, anger, and greed Every sane man should give up these anger, lust and greed, as they lead to the degradation of the soul.

22. The man who has escaped these three gates of hell , 0 Son of Kunti performs acts conducive to self realization and thus gradually attains' the supreme destination.

23. He who discards scriptural injunctions and acts according to his own whims attains neither perfection, nor happiness nor the supreme destination.
24. One should therefore understand what is duty and what is not duty by the regulations of the scriptures. Knowing such rules and regulations, one should act, so that he may gradualy be elevated.

If one understands Krishana, he becomes situated in Krishana consciousness engaging himself in devotional service he can reach the highest perfection of knowledge. One should do his duty according to Vedic rules and regulations He can attain perfection. He is elevated at last.

 
 
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