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1. Arjuna said to Krishana, O Keshva why do you want me to engage in this terrible action if you consider that knowledge is superior to action.

In the previous chapter Krishana has 'created a great doubt as to what exactly is that Path which will take a seeker easily to the realisation of the absolute in him. Whether it is knowledge or action or both i.e. knowledge and action. It is well known that every living being cannot remain without action at any moment i.e. without doing any work at any time.

32. My knowledge is bewildered by your guidance in the previous Chapter and by your instructions. Therefore, please tell me what should I do and what most beneficial is to me.

3. The Supreme personality of God-head said, 0 sinless Arjuna, I have already explained that there are two classes of persons, who try to realise the self. Some through the path of knowledge and others by path of action.

Some understand the God for realisation by their knowledge and others serve the God by devotional service.

4. Not by merely abstaining from work can one achieve freedom from reaction nor by renunciation alone one can attain perfection.

It is well known that we have desires. Desires create thoughts and thoughts disturb our mind. If the mind is disturbed there cannot be any peage. So, we cannot abstain from work. We can achieve freedom from action i.e. we have to do action every moment unless we are purified by spiritual knowledge if we have knowledge, we can attain perfection.\ The Lord has explained that with knowledge we can be free from activities.
5. Everyone is forced to act helplessly according to the qualities he has acquired from the modes of material nature. None can ever remain, even for a moment without performing action.

There are three tendencies (Sattwa) unactivity (Rajas) Activity (Tamas) Inactivity (Gunas).

A man cannot remain even for a singl~ moment totally inactive. Even if we are physically at rest, mentally and intelectually we are active all the time except during sleep.

6. One who restrains the senses of action but Whose mind thinks about sense objects, such person is of deluded understanding, so he is called hypocrite or pretender.

There are many persons who refuse to work in Krishana consciousness, but only make a show, their mind remains in worldly objects and they think about those objects such persons are pretenders.

7. On the other hand if a sincere person tries to control the active senses by mind and engages his organs in Karm Yoga i.e. he performs actions in the name of without attachment, he is far superior.

8. Perform your prescribed duty, action is superior to inaction. It is better to work than not to work. One cannot maintain one's physical body without work.

9. Work done as a sacrifice for Vishnu has to be performed, otherwise work causes bondage in this material world, therefore, 0 son of Kunti, perform your duties for the satisfaction, of Lord. In that way you will always remain free from bondage.

Good and evil works have their reaction and Reaction binds the performer. If the work is done in the name of the God i.e. under the direction of God it will not create any reaction nor the performer of action will be bound by such action. He can free himself if he thinks before doing any work that he is doing the work for God and' not for his sense gratification. He is serving the God. He will attain peace if he performs the work considering the same as duty.

10. In the beginning of creation, the Lord of creatures (Prajapati) created mankind (men and demigods) and together with sacrifices and said be happy by this. Yajna (sacrifice) because its performance will bestow upon you everything desireable for living happily and achieving liberation.

Creator created the world with the spirit of service and capacity for sacrifice. If any sacrifice is done in the name of God that will bring happiness to the person performing that sacrifice and the person will be liberated. Sacrifice has to be performed selflessly.

11. The demigods are pleased by sacrifices and they will please you. So with the cooperation of demigods and sacrifices you can attain the highest Good.

12. The Devas (demigods) are incharge of various necessities of life, by Yajna (sacrifices) the Devas will be satisfied and they will give you all necessities of life. A person who enjoys such gifts without offering anything in return to demigods is certainly a thief.

13. Sacrifice sins; but If we eat. food which is offered first for ( i . e. offered to God) we are free from all those who cook food only for their own sake, eat sin.

Food should be offered to God first and then it Should be taken then it does not remain food rather it becomes Parshad of God. It only means that ego of self goes and food becomes pure. If pure food is taken it creates good actions and results.

14. All living bodies subsist on food grains, from rain food is produced, sacrifices brings rain and sacrifices are born of action.

15. Know you that action comes from Brahma (the creator). the creator comes from the imperishable (Lord Krishana) .Therefore, the all pervading Brahaman (God principle) ever rests in sacrifice.

Conditioned souls should perform' Yajna in the name of Lord. By doing so, they will serve the Lord by sacrifice they will please the Brahama and imperishable Lord who controls the whole universe.

16. My dear Arjuna, one who does not follow in human life the cycle of sacrifice established by vedas certainly leads a life full of sins having only for the satisfaction of the senses, such a person lives in vain.

17. But, the man who takes pleasure only in the self, who is satisfied with the self, who is content in the self alone for him verily there is nothing more is to be done.

A person who is fully centered in God and is fully satisfied by his acts in Krishana consciousness no longer has any duty to perform. It means that the person, who has understood himself properly, who had knowledge of his own self and is satisfied in every situation need not perform any action.

18. A self realised man has no purpose to fulfill in the discharge of his prescribed duties nor has he any reason not to perform such work nor has he any. need to depend on any other living being. A self realised person is not bound to perform any act. Whatever he does in the name of God is sufficient in the discharge of his obligation.


19. Therefore always perform actions, I without attachment. For performing action without attachment, the man attains the supreme.

A Krishana conscious person has no attachment for the result~ but acts on behalf of Krishana alone. "He engages in all kinds of activities, but is completely non attached.

20. King Janaka and others attained perfection by action alone. With a view to protect the masses, you should perform your action i.e. duty i.e. save masses by fighting which is your duty.

21. Whatever action a great man performs, common men follow and whatever standards are set by such persons those are followed by the world.

22. O, son of Prtha, there is no work which is to be done by me nor is there anything unattained that should be attained by me-yet it engages myself in action.

God says that he is master of all show, yet he has 'to act. He has got every thing. It is not his duty to do any work still he works. He engaQes himself in action.

23. For if I do not ever engage myself in action and if I don't perform prescribed duties, certainly all men will follow my path.

24. If I do not perform action, these worlds would perish, I would be the cause of creating unwanted population and I would thereby destroy the peace of all living beings.

25. As the ignorant perform their duties with attachment of results, the learned may similarly act without attachment for leading people on the right path.

26. Wisemen should not stop ignorant men who are attached to action for result. They should engage them in all actions for fulfilling them with devotion. They. should only mold their minds that they are working for the Lord.

27. All actions are performed, in all cases by the qualities in Nature (Gunas). He, whose mind is deluded by egoism, thinks himself as doer of action.

All actions are performed according to the State of mind of doer i.e. according to his thinking but a person who is deluded (with Maya) due ego, thinks that he has done this work and that work.

28. One who has knowledge of the absolute truth. O! Arjuna does not engage himself in the senses and sense gratification knowing fully well the differences between work in devotion and work for fruitive results.

29. Bewildered by the modes of material nature the ignorant fully engages themselves in material activities they become attached to those gains. But the wise persons should not unsettle them for doing such actions as they are not wise and are of imperfect, knowledge.

30. Therefore, O Arjuna, surrender all' the works unto me, with full knowledge of me, without desire of profit, with claim of ownership, free from mental fever i.e. lethargy and then fight.

31. Those who renounce all actions in me and those who perform their duties in my name and according to my orders and who follow this teaching faithfully, without envy become free from the bondage of fruitive actions.

32. But those who out of envy (ego etc.) disregard these teachings and do not follow them are to be considered bereft of all knowledge, befooled and ruined, know them to be doomed to destruction. These persons will be deluded and they loose power of discrimination.

33. Even a wise man works according to his nature. Everyone follows the nature he has acquired from three modes (Gunas), so they cannot attain anything.

If we work in the name of god and in his grace then we will be working in the nature of God which is all powerful and then we will be able to attain the desired results in Krishana consciousness.

34. Attachment for the objects of senses abide in the senses. One should not come under the control of attachment and aversion, because these will ruin the path of self realisation.

35. It is better to discharge one's prescribed duties, even though having no merit, than another's duty. Loss in the course of performing one's duty is better than engaging in another's duties for to follow another's path is dangerous.

36. Therefore, by nature a living being is not subject to the sins of material world. But when he is in contact with material nature, he acts in many sinful ways without hesitation and sometimes even against his will.

37. It is desire which is born of contact with material modes of passion and later it becomes sinfull enemy of this world.

Desire and anger and other sins are present in this world. To come under their sway is ignorance, to come to rule over them is wisdom.

38. As fire is covered by smoke, as a mirror is covered by dust or as the embryo is covered by the womb, similarly wisdom is covered by desire or anger.

39. Wisdom of a man is covered with lust which is never satisfied and which burns like fire.

40. The senses, the mind and intelligence are the sitting places of this lust. Through them lust covers the real knowledge of living persons and bewilders them.

41. So, therefore, 0 best of Bharatas, Control first the senses, kill this sinful thing, which destroys knowledge and wisdom.

42. They say senses are superior to the body, superior to the senses is the mind. Superior to mind is intellect (wisdom) one who is superior to the intellect is he (the Atman soul).

43. Thus knowing Him (Atma soul) who is superior to the intellect (wisdom) Restraining the self by the self slay, the enemy of desire although it is very difficult to conquer.

Through knowledge alone ignorance ends. Through the knowledge of self our ignorance of the self ends. Spiritual knowledge only gives us the desired objects. The desires, lust work through sense organs, the mind and the intellect.

Desire is sense gratification. It is the enemy of the conditioned soul, but by the of Krishana consciousness one can control the material senses, in the mind and in intelligence. One may not give up work and prescribed duties all of a sudden, but slowly he should develope spiritual knowledge in the name of God and he should attain self realisation. He must be trained in Krishana consciousness by higher intelligence. He should be free from. lust and anger and he removes these covers from his wisdom, then he can attain self realisation.

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