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1. The Lord said, I taught this imperishable knowledge of Yoga to the Sun God Vivaswan. Vivaswan taught it to Manu!Manu taught it to Ikshvaku.

Lord says that he imparted the knowledge to Sun God, later on Sun God conveyed it his son Manu and Manu conveyed the same to Ikshvaku the ancestor of his solar dynastry that ruled over Ayodhya for a long period of time i.e. Sri Ram's ancestors.

2. This knowledge was handed down in regular succession. This Yoga i.e. knowledge has been lost here now O! Arjuna.

3. The same ancient Yoga has been taught to you by me for you are my devotee and my friend. This is a supreme secret.

4. Arjuna says that O! Lord you were born later and birth of Sun (Vivaswan) was prior to you how should I understand that you taught this Yoga in the beginning. of those births.

6. Although I am unborn and of imperishable nature and although I am Lord of all beings still I take birth by my own Maya t.o rule over my own nature.

7. Whenever there is a decay of rightousness and a rise of. unrighteousness, O Bharata then I manifest myself. When there is a decline of Dharama i.e.when the worldly persons abandon t.heir duties and commit sin; to correct the system Lord says he creates himself.

8. For the protection of Good, for the destruction of the wicked and for establishing righteousness, I am born in every age. Arjuna was treating Krishana as his friend. He never knew that Lord Krishana was Almighty. He considered him as his teacher and asked him to teach him as he was his disciple.

9. One should cultivate faith in the Almighty. By faith he will attain knowledge and attain perfection.

Freed from attachment, fear and anger, being fully absorbed in Me, t.aking refuge in me, purified by knowledge of Myself, Many have attained me.

Persons free from attachment, fear and anger who fully remember me in all conditions. Who take refugein me i.e. who depend upon me fully, who accept the knowledge of Yoga as correct and have faith in this knowledge of myself are purified and they attain me.

11. In whatever way men approach me, I reward them. As all surrender unto me, I reward them accordingly.

12. Men in this world desire success in worldly activities, and therefore, worship demigods. By or shiping demigods they attain worldly success.

13. Four castes have been created by me according to Guna and Karma. Although I am the creator of this system still I am nondoer, being unchangeable.

14. There is action (work) that affects me, nor I have any desire for fruits of action. He who knows me is not bound by his actions.

One who knows the Supreme Almighty and fixes himself in his hands and does his duty is a liberted soul.

15. All the liberated souls in ancient times acted with this understanding of the Almighty. Therefore, you should perform your duty following their footsteps.

16. What is action? What is inaction? Even the wise people do not know. Therefore, I shall teach you action (the nature of action and inaction), knowing which, you should be liberated from the evil (of Samsara) the wheel of birth and death.

An action cannot be considered as Good or bad. It is the motive behind it which determined the quality of action. Even the wise cannot discriminate between action and inaction. Krishana promises here that he will tell what is action and what is inaction.

17. The intricacies of action are very hard to understand. Therefore, one should know what action is, what is forbidden action and what is inaction. Life means activities.

Where activity has ended death has entered.


To understand action, inaction and unauthorised actions.

Action is to be judged from the motive behind action. If the motive is pure it is action. If the motive is not pure it is Vikarma (i.e.unauthorised action) . It is a very difficult subject. Even wisemen cannot discriminate between action and unauthorised actions. Every action if done in Krishana consciousness is action. Doer will not be affected from its result. If action is done under ego or that considering himself to bedoer then he is responsible for the result of that action. So, it is better to leave every action to God. We should consider that every action is performed by God and he is responsible for the same. We should do the action remembering God. So we will be able to understand action, inaction and unauthorised actions.

18. He who recognises inaction in action and action in inaction is wise among men. He is Yogi and a true performer of all actions.

A person working in the name of God is free from bonds of Karma. He does not enjoy or suffer any 6f effects of work. He only discharges the duty given to him by God. He has no desire nor motive for work, so, he is immune from any sin.

19. Who works without desire of sense gratification and purpose and whose actions have been burnt by the fire of knowledge. He is wise.

20. Abandoning all attachment to the results of his activities, ever satisfied and independent. He does not do anything though he is performing actions.

21. Such a man of understanding acts with mind and intelligence perfectly controlled, gives up all sense of proprietorship over his possessions and acts only for the bare necessities of life. He is not affected by any action nor he commits any sin.

22. He who is satisfied with gain which comes of its own accord without effort, free from the pairs of opposite and does not envy, who is steady in both success and failure, although he is engaged in action but he is not bound by his actions.

23. One who is unattached, who is liberated, whose mind is established in knowledge of God, who acts for the sake of sacrifice, all his actions dissolved. He is free from all his actions.

24. Brahman is the oblation, Brahman is the clarified butter etc. constituting the offerings, by Brahman is the oblation poured into the fire of Brahman Brahman verily shall be reached by him who always sees Brahman in all actions.

Yajnas arise from Brahman, in which Brahman the truth is the performer, offering Brahman, the material to the sacred fire, which is also nothing other than Brahman, invoking but Brahman.

All waves of ocean are nothing, but the ocean similarly everything is Brahman. Everything arises from Almighty, who performs all actions and offerings to fire are offerings to Almighty. Almighty is doer of every action.

A person who is fully absorbed in Krishana consciousness is sure to attain the spiritual kingdom, because of his contribution to spiritual activities, in which the consummation is absolute and that which is offered is of the same spiritual nature.

25. Some Yogis perform sacrifice to demigods by offering different sacrificies to them some of them offer sacrifices in the fire of supreme Brahaman.

26. Some sacrifice hearing and senses in the fire of . mental control and others the regulated house holders) sacrifice, the objects of the senses in the fire of the senses.

27. Others again, sacrifice all the functions of the senses and functions of the breath in the fire of Yoga of self restraint with full knowledge.

28. Others offer wealth, others offer by performing severe austerities (by accepting strict vows)by practising the Yoga of eight fold mysticism or by studying the Vedas to advance intranscendental knowledge.

These are all types of sacrifices for self perfection and are called Yoga-Yajna.

29. Others offer as sacrifice the outgoing breath in the incoming and the incoming in the outgoing, restraining the courses of the outgoing and incoming breaths stopping all breathing curtailing the eating process. In this verse breath control has been explained for perfect self control (Pranayama).

30. Others with well regulated diet offer vital airs in the vital air. All these know the meaning of sacrifice. Their sins are destroyed by sacrifice.

31. O Arjuna without sacrifice, one can never live happily in this world, how then he can attain the other (world).

The eaters of nectar-remnant of the sacrifice go to the eternal Brahman.

32. All these different types of sacrifices are approved by vedas and all of them are born of different type of work. Knowing them as such you become liberated.

33. Knowledge sacrifice is better than the sacrifice of material objects as all sacrifices culminate in transcendental knowledge.

34. Just try to learn the truth by approaching a spiritual master, inquire from him submissively and render service unto him.

The self realised souls can impart knowledge unto you, because they have seen the truth.

35. Having obtained real knowledge from' a self realised soul, you will never fail or get deluded like this and you will see that all living beings are but part of the supreme or in other words that they are mine (Lord says that everybody is my part).

36. Even if you are the most sinful of all sinners, yet you shall verily cross all sins by knowledge, you will be able to cross over the miseries.

37. As a blazing fire reduces fire wood to ashes O Arjuna similarly the fire of knowledge burn all actions to ashes i.e. burn all reactions to material activities.

38. Certainly there is no purifier in this world like knowledge. He who has perfected in Yoga finds it in the self in time.

39. A man who has full faith, who is devoted to it and who has controlled his senses, obtains this knowledge.

Having obtained knowledge he attains supreme peace.

40. The ignorant, the faithless, the doubting self go to destruction. There is neither this world nor the other nor happiness for the doubter.

41. One who acts in devotional service, renouncing the fruits of his actions and whose doubts are destroying by knowledge and who is situated factually in the self. He is not bound by the reactions of work i.e. actions do not. bind him.

42. Therefore the doubts which have arisen in your heart out of ignorance should be removed by the weapon of knowledge Armed with Yoga (i.e. knowledge) O Arjuna stand and fight.

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