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1. Arjuna said to Krishana :

First of all you ask me to renonunce work, i.e. action and then you again recommend work with devotion i.e. do action. Kindly tell me which of the two paths is beneficial to me ?

52. The Blessed Krishana said : Renunciation of action i.e. work and act on i.e. work with devotion are both good for liberation. But of the two, work in devotional service is better than the renunciation of work. People are mad after sense gratification. They do not know that the present body, which is ful of miseries is the result of activities of the past. One should understand that nothing belongs to anybody. Since every thing belongs to Sri Krishana, everything should be employed in the service of Krishana.

3. One who neither hates nor desires the fruits of his activities is known to be always renounced (Sanyasi). Such a person is free from the pairs of opposites (i.e. joy or sorrow) etc. He easily overcomes material bondage and is completely liberated. O Arjuna.

4. Only the ignorant speak of devotional service Karma Yoga) as being different from the Sankhya Yoga (Knowledge), the analytical study of the material world, he who applies himself to one of these paths he achieves the result of both.

5. One who knows that the result of analytical study can also be attained by devotional service or who sees knowledge i.e. Sankhya Yoga and Karma Yoga to be on the same level sees things as they are. Detachment from matter and attachment to Krishana are one and same thing. One who sees this can be said to have knowledge which is real.

6. Merely renouncing all activities yet not engaging in the devotional services of the Lord cannot make one happy. But a thoughful person engaged in the devotional service can achieve the supreme without delay.

7. One who works in devotion, who is pure soul and who controls his mind and senses is dear to everyone and everyone is dear to him. Though he is always working still he is never entangled nor tainted.

8. A person in the divine consciousness always engaged in seeing, hearing, touching, smelling, eating, moving about, sleeping and breathing, always knows within himself that he act~\ally does nothing at all.

9. Because while speaking, letting go, receiving or opening or closing his eyes, he always knows that only the material senses are engaged with their objects and that he is aloof from them.

A Krishana conscious person is never affected by the actions of senses. He cannot perform any act except in the service of God.

10. One who performs his duty without attachment surrendering the results unto the supreme Lord, is unaffected by sinful action as the lotus leaf is untouched by water.

A person having knowledge that the body is the property of Krishana, engages it in the service of Lord.

11. The yogis abondoning attachment, act with body, mind, intelligence and even with senses, only for the purification of their self.

If a person considers that he belongs to Krishana, the body will also belong to Krishana, when he applies everything produced by body, mind, intelligence words, life wealth etc. to Krishana then he will have no ego. He will attain perfect stage of Krishana consciousness.

12. The steadily devoted soul attains unadulterated peace, because he offers the results of all activities to me, where as a man who is not in union with the divine, who is greedy for the fruits of his labour, becomes, entangled or tained.

13. When a person controls his nature and mentally renounces all actions, he resides happily in the city of nine gates (the material body) neither working nor causing work to be done.

The body consists of nine gates (two eyes, two nostrils two ears, one mouth, the anus and the genitals) when a person controls his senses and mentally gives up all actions i.e. he becomes aloof from body in Krishana consciousness he attains happiness.

14. The embodied spirit, master of the city of his body, does not create activities nor does he induce people to act nor does he create the fruits of action. All this is enacted by the modes of material nature.

15. Nor does the supreme Lord assume anyone's sinful or pious activities. Embodied beings are however, bewildered because of the ignorance which covers their real knowledge.

Lord can fulfill all desires of everybody and the person becomes subject to misery and happiness Man proposes God disposes. However, when one desires Krishana, the Lord takes special care and encourages one in such a way that one can attain to him and be eternally happy. Lord engages the living entity in pious activities so that he may be elevated. The Lord engages him in impious activities so that he may go to hell. By the will of God, he can go to heaven or hell without God nobody can progress nor anybody can attain Krishana consciousness. So have full faith in God and surrender to him.

16. But to those whose ignorance is destroyed by the knowledge of the self. Then his knowledge reveals everything as the sin lights up everything in the day -light during day time.

17. When one's intelligence, mind, faith and refuge are all fixed in the Supreme (Lord). Then one becomes fully pure through complete and proceeds straight on the path of liberation.

A Krishana conscious man, who has full faith in him for everything becomes pure due to his presence in him for all times and he works according to his dictates. He attains knowledge of self, which is a path of liberation so have faith in God for everything.

18. The humble sages, by virtue of true knowledge see with equal vision a learned and gentle Brahmana, a cow, an elephant, a dog and a dogeater i.e. an out caste.

Super soul is present in all bodies without distinction. So a true sage treats everybody equal.

19. Those whose minds are established in sameness(equal for all) equality conquered birth and death. They are flawless (spotless indeed) and are equal. So, they are established in Brahman.

He who is without attraction or hatred, such persons are already liberated. They are established in Brahman i.e. they with the Almighty God.

20. A person who is not attracted to material pleasure. A person who neither rejoices upon achieving some thing pleasant nor feels sorry for some thing unpleasant who is self intelligent, who is unwildered and who knows the science of God is called Brahaman realised or self realised such steady consciousness is God.

21. Such a liberated person is not attracted to material sense pleasure, but always remains calm, enjoys the pleasure within. In this way the self realised person enjoys happiness within himself as he concentrates on the Supreme.

A Krishana conscious person is not attracted to any kind of sense pleasure or material gains of this world. He remains happy in the will of God enjoys happiness within himself such a person is a liberated soul.

22. An intelligent person does not take part in the sources of misery, which are due to contact with the material senses. O Arjuna such pleasures have a beginning and an end. So a wiseman does not delight in them.

Material gains and losses are temporary, because the body is also temporary. A liberated soul is not interested in anything which is temporary. Material gains are to material senses. Material senses are also due to body material pleasures are due to contact of material senses which cannot give real happiness.

23. He who is able, while still in this world to tolerate the urges of the material senses and check the force of desire and anger, he is wise and is happy in this world.

24. He who is happy within, who rejoices, within, who is illuminated within (who is delighted in his self). He is liberated in the supreme and ultimately he attains Moksha (the supreme).

25. Those Rishis obtain absolute freedom or Moksha who have destroyed their sins who are beyond the dualities that arise from doubts whose minds are engaged within ( i . e. who are self controlled) and who work and intend for the welfare of all beings i.e. who are always busy working for the welfare of all living beings, who are free from all sins achieve liberation in the supreme.

26. Those who are free from anger, and all material desires, who are self realised, self disciplined, and trying for perfection are sure to attain constantly liberation in the supreme in the very near future.

27. Shutting out all external contacts of sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentracted between. two eye brows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils i.e. equalising the outgoing and incoming breath moving in the nostrils and by closing eyes and nose and fixing the mind between two eye brows.

28. Controlling the mind, senses and intelligence having liberation as goal i.e. the transcendentalist aiming at liberation, becomes free from desire, fear and anger. Who remains in this state he is liberated.

By closing eyes, nose equalising the outgoing and incoming breath and fixing the mind in between two eye brows, control the mind, senses and intelligence. Keep in your mind that your supreme goal is liberation and become free from desire, fear and anger. By this Yoga one can attain liberation if he remains in this State in his life. God helps those who help themself.

29. A person in full consciousness of me, knowing me to be the ultimate beneficiary of all sacrifices and austerities, the supreme Lord of all planets and demigods and the benefactor and well wisher of all living entities, attain peace from the material miseries.

One attains perfect peace on knowing the God. Lord Krishana is beneficiary , in all human activities. Man should offer everything to the service of God because he is owner of the whole universe including demigods. He is greater than Lord Shiva and 'Lord Brahma. Lord Krishana is the master of material nature and all living beings are under his command and act according to material nature.

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