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BHAGAVAD GITA PART- 6

1. Blessed God said :

One who is unattached to the fruits of his work i.e. one who perform his duty without depending on the fruits of actions - he is Sannysin and a Yogin not he who has renounced fire and action i.e. he who lights no fire and performs no duty.

Who performs his duty without expecting any result is Yogi of highest order and not he who lights no fire and who performs no duty (i.e. idle person). A Krishana conscious person works for the satisfaction of the whole universe, without self interest. He has no desire for self satisfaction. His criterion of success is the satisfaction of Krishana and thus he is the perfect Sannyasi .

62. O Pandva ! renunciation is known as Yoga. One can never become a Yogi unless he renounces the desire of sense gratification.

A wiseman (Yogi) has no desire for sense gratification. A Krishana conscious person always keeps before him Krishana. So, he has no desire for sense gratification. He is yogi of highest order.

3. For a Muni or Sage, who wants to attain Yoga, action is the means to attain it. But a yogi who has attained Yoga, inaction is said to be the means. When a person wants to attain Yoga, he starts meditation and exercises of Yogas.

When he is accomplished in the practice of meditation, he ceases all disturbing mental activities.

4. A person is said to have attained Yoga, when he is not attached to sense objects or to actions having renounced all thoughts i.e. he gives up all desires, he never acts for sense gratification nor for fruitive activities.

5. One must lift himself by his own self. Mind of a man is his friend and his enemy as well.

6. For him who has conquered his mind, the mind i his best friend. For him who has not conquered his mind, mind will remain his greatest enemy. The purpose of practising eight fold Yoga is to control the mind in order to make it friend in the discharge of his human mission. Unless the mind is controlled Yoga is not possible. If mind is under control he will act according to the dictates of soul and body will also work accordingly. It will surrender to God and by surrender to God self will be realised.

7. One who has conquered his mind, he attains, supersouI. His mind becomes balanced. To such a man happiness, distress, heat and cold honour or dishonour are all alike i.e. the same.

8. The Yogi who is satisfied with knowledge and wisdom, Who remains unshaken, who has conquered the to whom a pebble, stones or gold are same is said to be harmonised, i.e. is said to have attained (Nirvikalpa Samadhi).

9. A person is considered still further advanced when he considers friends, enemies, pious and sinners equal or with equal mind.

10. A yogi tries constantly to keep his mind steady, keeps his mind fixed alongwith self in the Almighty. He keeps his mind and body controlled. He remains free from hope and greed.

11. To practise Yoga, one should go to a lone i.e. secluded place and should lay kusa grass on the ground and then cover it with a deer skin and a soft cloth. The seat should not be low nor high, it be on sacred place.

12. Yogi should then sit on it very firmly and practise Yoga to purify the heart, by controlling his mind, senses, activities and fixing the mind on one point.

13. One should hold one's body, neck and head erect in a straight line and stare steadily at the tip of the nose, without looking around.

14. Thus with an unagitated subdoned mind devoid of fear, completely free from sex life, one should meditate upon me, within the heart and make me the ultimate goal of life.

One has to practise controlling mind and sense gratification. One has to leave sex life i.e. he is to observe rules of celibacy i.e. he has vow of Brahmacharya.

15. Thus always keeping the mind balanced, the Yogi with his mind controlled, attains peace, attains the Kingdom of God, (or the abode of Krishana) which ultimately gives total liberation (Moksha).

16. One cannot become Yogi 0 Arjuna if one eats too much or eats too little, sleeps too much or does not sleep enough.

17. Who regulates his habits of eating, sleeping, recreation and work can mitigate and destroy all material pains by Yoga.

18. When one controls his mind and the mental activities and rests in the self only, free from al material desires he is said to be well established in Yoga (Yuktah) .

19. As a lamp placed in a windless place does not waver similarly person of controlled mind i.e. yogi practising Yoga of the self does not flicker. A man of controlled mind remains steady in his meditation of self.

20. When the mind is controlled by the practice of Yoga, it attains peace. He can see self by self. He is also satisfied in his own self.

21. When the Yogi feels that infinite bliss, which can be obtained by pure Yogi having wisdom. Such Yogi sees senses, he can understand the senses, but he never moves from the reality i.e. from truth.

22. Having obtained such state, he thinks there is no other gain superior to it, where in established, he is not moved even by great sorrow.

23. That State called Yoga, which is free from the contact of pain. This Yoga should be practised with determination, with steady mind, even in the midst of greatest difficulty. This indeed is actual freedom from all miseries arising from material contact.

24. One should engage oneself in the practice of Yoga with determination and faith, completely giving up all desires arising from thoughts of world and fully restraining the senses from all sides with one's controlled mind.

25. He should through gradual practice attain tranquility (i.e.peace of mind). He should establish his mind in God by controlling his senses and he should remain steadfast. He should not think of anything else.

26. "From whatever the mind wanders due to its uncontrolled state and unsteady nature one should certainly withdraw it and control it and should bring back under the control of self."

The mind should be controlled from all objects after which it runs, and be concentrated on God.

27. The Yogi whose mind is fixed on God, attains the highest perfection and happiness. He has no passion, he realises his self and he is one with God. He is freed from all sins of his past deeds.

28. The self controlled Yogi constantly engaged in Yoga practice, becomes free from all material gains and achieves the perfect happiness, he enjoys eternal bliss of oneness with God (Brahma).

29. A true Yogi sees me in all beings and sees every being in me. Similarly, the self reaiised person sees me and the same supreme Lord every where.

30. For one who sees Me everywhere and sees every thing in me, I am never lost nor is he ever lost to me.

31. Such a Yogi who worship me knowing that God is residing in all beings. Such Yogi although engaged in all activities remains in me in all circumstances.

32. He is a perfect Yogi who by comparision to his own self (i.e. who compares himself in that state) in both their happiness and their distress, 0 Arjuna.

33. Arjuna said, O Krishana the sygtem of Yoga which you have taught to him appears impracticable, unendurable because the mind is restless and unsteady.

34. The mind is restless, turbulent, strong and unyielding. Mind is more difficult. It is more difficult to control mind, then to control the wind.

35. Lord Krishana said, O Arjuna, it is undoubtedly very difficult to curb the restless mind, but it is possible by suitable practice and by detachment. ' Mind can be controlled by meditation and dispassion.

36. For one whose mind is unbridled (i.e. the person who has no control on his mind) self realisation is difficult work. But he whose mind is under control and who tries to achieve self realisation by appropriate means he is sure to succeed. That is my opinion.

37. Arjuna said, he who having faith and is unable to control his mind, desires, whose mind is therefore diverted from Yoga (at the time of death) failing to achieve perfection in Yoga (God realisation) what fate does he meet with.

38. Arjuna said to Krishana does not such a man deluded in the path of God, fall away from both spiritual and material success and perish like a torn cloud, deprived of both God realisation and worldly enjoyments.

39. This is my doubt, O Krishana and I ask you to dispel it completely. Nobody else can tell me nor can destroy this doubt of mine.

40. Sri Bhagvan said O Arjuna, a person engaged in auspicious activities does not meet with destruction either in this world or in the piritual world. One who does good can never by harmed by evil.

41. The unsuccessful Yogi after many many years of enjoyment on the planets of the pious living entities, is born into a family of righteous people, or into a family of rich aristocracy.

42. Or (if unsuccessful after long practice of Yoga he taken his birth in the family of enlightened Yogas but this kind of birth is very difficult to obtain in this world certainly such a birth is rara in this world.

43. On taking such a birth, he revives the divine consciousness of his previous life and he again tries to make further progress in order to achieve complete success, O Arjuna.

44. By virtue of the divine consciousness of his previous life, he automatically becomes attracted to the Yogic principles, even without seeking them. It is understood that in his previous life he must have passed through all the ritualistic methods, of Vedas known as (Sabda Brahma), unless one is purified one cannot stick to the principles of Krishana consciousness nor he can engage in chanting the holy name of Lord Krishana.

45. And when the Yogi engages himself with sincere endeavor in making further progress purified from all sins and perfected gradually through many births then attains the highest goal.

46. A Yogi is better and greater than the ascetic (Bhakti Yoga) greater than empiricist (Jnana Yoga) and greater than the fruitive worker. Therefore, 0 Arjuna, in all circumstances be a Yogi.

Krishana says a Yogi is better than a person engaged in Bhakta Yoga, is better than a person engaged in Jnana Yoga. A yogi is also better than a person engaged in fruitive worker i.e. Karma Yoga.

47. And of all the Yogis, the one who has full faith in Me, thinks of me within himself, renders living service to me, worships me and is united with me in Yoga is the highest of all. That is my opinion.



 
 
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