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1. Arjuna inquired, O my Lord, O Supreme person, what is Brahman? What is the Self? What are fruitive activities ? What is this material manifestation? And what are the demigods ? Supreme absolute truth is known as Brahman, Paramatma and Bhagwan. In addition the living entity, the individual soul is also called Brahaman, Atma refers to the Mind, soul, body and senses.

2. Who is the Lord of sacrifice, and how does he live in the body, o God ? And how can those engaged in deviational service know you at the time of death.

ch83. Supreme personality of God head said the indestructible ,transcendental living entity is called Brahaman, and his eternal nature is called adhyatma (the self) Action pertaining to the development of the material bodies of the living entities is called Karma or fruitive activities. Brahman is imperishable, the Supreme His essential nature is called self knowledge. The offering, the creative force that causes beings to spring forth into menifestation is called work.

4. The physical nature which is constantly changing is called Adhi Bhuta (or elements) the material menifestation.The universal form of the Lord, which includes all the demigods like those of the Sun and Moon is called Adhideiva. The Supreme Lord represents the super soul in the heart of every embodied being and is called Lord of sacrifice (Adhyajna).

Material bodies pass through six stages. They are born, they grow, they remain for sometime, they produce some by-products as children, etc. they dwindle, and then they Vanish. This physical nature is called Adhibhuta. God and demigods are Adhidaiva. Super soul controls the soul of everybody and it gives a change to act freely to soul so it. is Lord of sacrifice (Adhiyajna).

5. And whoever at the end of his life, quits his body, remembering Me alone, at once attains My nature. of this there is no doubt.

6. Whatever state of being one remembers when he quits his body, 0 son of Kunti, that state he will attain without fail.

A person who remembers God at the time of his death attains God; Physical body of the man remains changing His thought at the time of death is very material. If he will think about God, he will attain God. If his senses are engaged in other activities he will attain the fruit of those activities.

7. Therefore, Arjuna, you should always think of Me in the form of God and fight i.e. at the same. time carry out your prescribed duty- You dedicate your activities to Me. Fix your mind and intelligence on Me. You surrender yourself to Me, you will attain Me without any doubt.

8. He who meditates with his mind established in Yoga i.e. his mind constantly is engaged in remembering Me. who follows the right path of remembering Me. He reaches me.

9. He who meditates upon Me knowing Me everything eternal being i.e. oldest, the ruler of all who is beyond all material conception, who is inconceivable. Possessing a Form beyond comprehension, which shines like the Sun and far beyond the darkness of ignorance.

10. He who having by Yogic power firmly hold the life breath in the space between the two eyebrows (on the forehead) even at the time of death and then remembers God with controlled mind, with full of devoition, reaches verily that supreme divine purusa (God.)

At the time of death, the mind must be fixed in devotion with God. If one remembers God daily by practising Yoga, then and then only he can remember God at the time of death. Otherwise he cannot remember God at the time of death as mind is disturbed at the time of death. Only yogic rememberance of God helps dying person to remember God at the time of death. Bhakti Yoga has been explained in this text.

11. Persons who are learned in the Vedas who utter Omkara and who are great sages in the renounced order enter into Brahman. Desiring such perfection, one practices celibacy. I shall now briefly explain to you this process by which one attain salvation.

12. Having closed all the gates (i.e. nine gates of body) i.e. detachment from all sensual engagements. Closing all the gates of senses and fixing the mind on the heart and the life air at the top of the head, one establishes himself in Yoga.

13. After being situated in this Yoga, practice and vibrating the sacred syllable Om, the supreme combination of letters, If one thinks of the supreme personality of God head and quits his body, he will certainly reach the spiritual planets i.e. supreme goal.

14. One who always remembers me without deviation i.e. with undivided mind i.e. with controlled mind daily, not thinking anything else, he attains me easily, O Arjuna.

Bhakti Yoga is very simple, pure and easy to perform. Chant the name of God with controlled mind always. God helps such devotees in various ways who fully surrenders to God, and is engaged in the service of God understands him fully.

15. After attaining Me, the great souls, who are Yogis in devotion, never return to this temporary world, which is full of miseries, because they have attained the highest perfection.

16. From the highest planet in the material world down to the lowest, all are places of misery, wherein repeated birth and death take place. But one who attains to My abode, O son of Kunti, never takes birth again.

17. By human calculation, a thousand ages taken together is Brahma's one day and such also is the night of Brahma.

A Kalpa is the day of Brahma and one day of Brahma consists of a thousand cycles of four Yugas or ages. i.e. Satya, Treta dvapara and Kal Yug.

Satya Yuga is period of wisdom and religion., There is no ignorance and vice. Its age is 1728000 years. In Treta Yuga, vice is introduced and its age is 1296000 years.

In Dvapara Yuga there is an even greater decline in virtue and religion, vice increases. Its age is 864000 years.

In Kal Yuga there is abundance of strife, ignorance irreligion and vice, true virtue being non¬ existence and the age of this Yuga is 432000 years.

These, four ages rotating a thousand times comprises one day of Brahma and the same number comprise one night. Brahma lives these hundred years and then dies. Even Brahma is not free from the process of birth, old age disease, death. Brahma is directly engaged in the service of Supreme Lord in the management of this universe, therefore he at once attains liberation.


18. At the beginning of Brahma's day, all living entities become manifest from the unmanifest state and thereafter when the night falls they are merged into the unmanifest again.

19. Again and Again, when Brahma's day, arrives all Iiving entities come into being and with the arrival of Brahma's night they are helplessly dissolved (unto the unmanifest state).

Krishana consciousness persons use the human body in the devotional service of the Lord chanting the name Almighty God. They transfer themselves even in this life to the spiritual planet of Krishana and become eternally blissful there. They are not subject to such rebirths.

20. Yet there is another unmanifest nature, which is eternal, which is not destroyed when all beings are destroyed.

Krishana's superior energy is eternal. It is beyond all the changes of material nature. Knowledge of self is the biggest knowledge and it can grant liberation. This knowledge is unaffected with the days and night of Brahma.

21. That which is called the unmanifest and imperishable, that they say is the Highest Goal (Path)¬ They who reach it never return again. That is my highest abode (State).

The self or pure consciousness is the Highest Dwelling place. The self can attain highest goal in the state of pure consciousness, the imperishable, which is available for the experience of self.

22. Supreme personality of God head, who is greater than all, is attainable by unalloyed devotion i.e. by unending devotion. Although he is present in his abode. He is all pervading and everything is situated within him.

23. O best of the Bharatas, I shall now explain to you the different times at which passing away from this world, the Yogi does or does not come back.

24. Those who know the supreme Brahman attain that Supreme by passing away from this world during the influence of firy God, in the light,day "time, the bright fortnight i.e. moon light (during the fortnight of waking moon. or during the six months when the sun travels in the north.

When fire, light day and fortnight of the moon are mentioned, it is to be understood that over all the presiding deities of these make arrangement for the passage of soul. At the time of death, the mind carries on the path of new life. If one leaves the body at the time designated above either accidentally or by arrangement, it is possible to attain impersonal Brahma Jyoti.

25. Those who pass away from this world during, smoke, the night, the fortnight of the waning moon or the six months when the sun passes to the south reaches . the moon planet, but again come back.

Who are expert in fruitive activities and sacrificial methods on the earth attain to the moon at death. These elevated souls live on the moon for about,10000 years and enjoy life by drinking Soma-rasa. They come back to earth.

26. According to Vedic opinion there are two ways of passing from this world-one in light and one is When one passes in light, he does not come darkness. back, but when one passes in darkness he returns.

27. Although the devotees know these two paths O Arjuna, they are never be wildered. Therefore, be always fixed in devotion.

Krishana is advising Arjuna that he should not be disturbed by different paths the soul can take when leaving the material world A devotee of Krishana should be firmly established in Krishana consciousness and chant the name of God. He should be absorbed in God, who will himself make path for his soul and he will attain liberation by his Grace.

28. A person who accepts the path of devotional service is not bereft of the results derived from studying the Vedas performing austere, sacrifices, giving charity or pursuing philosphical and fruitive activities. Simply be performing devotional service, he attains all these and at the end he reaches the supreme eternal goal.

The beauty of Krishana consciousness is that by one stroke, by engaging in devotional service, one can surpass all the rituals of the different orders of life. In the advance stage of Krishana consciousness, one falls completely in love with Krishana. This highest perfectional stage of life enables to devotee to attain Krishana bode in splritl1al sky, where he becomes eternally happy.

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